Publishing is the process of production and dissemination of literature or information-the activity of making information available to the general public. In some cases, authors may be their own publishers, meaning: originators and developers of content also provide media to deliver and display the content for the same.
Traditionally, the term refers to the distribution of printed works such as books (the "book trade") and newspapers. With the advent of digital information systems and the Internet, the scope of publishing has expanded to include electronic resources, such as the electronic versions of books and periodicals, as well as micropublishing, websites, blogs, video games and the like.
Printing is a process for reproducing text and image, typically with ink on paper using a printing press. It is often carried out as a large-scale industrial process, and is an essential part of publishing and transaction printing.
The earliest form of printing was woodblock printing, with existing examples from China dating to before 220 AD and Egypt to the 4th century. Later developments in printing include the movable type, first developed by Bi Sheng in China,and the printing press, a more efficient printing process developed by Johannes Gutenberg in the 15th century.
Publishing an Printing, historically have been closely relayed and are often combined as a service. Today, much of what we publish is done digiatlly and publsihed only online. This has seen the decline of the traditional printing industry and this is most noteable in the newspaper industry.